From the time the Special Economic Zones were established in Poland until the end of 2015, companies invested about PLN 111.7 billion there – follows from the data obtained by the Polish government on Tuesday. “These good results attest to the fact that Special Economic Zones are one of the key solutions that increase Poland’s attractiveness for investors,” says Joanna Choromańska, an expert from JLL.
The government data show that last year, investments in the SEZs increased by more than PLN 9.7 billion, which is 9.5 percent more than in 2014. In 2015, the area of the zones increased by 1,702.9 ha to 19,836.9 ha. In total, 11 zones changed their boundaries. SEZs cover areas in 173 towns and 248 municipalities.
In 2015, 218 permits to conduct business activities in the zones were issued. The largest number of permits was issued to entrepreneurs in the Mielec SEZ (32), Katowice SEZ (31) and Wałbrzych SEZ (27). The three zones accounted for over 41 percent of the issued permits.
The investment expenditure of the five largest investors at the end of 2015 amounted to PLN 26.9 billion. Among the major investors were representatives of the automotive industry: General Motors Manufacturing Poland and Volkswagen Poznań sp. z o.o., which moved from the seventh to the second place as a result of the construction of the vehicle manufacturing plant in Września.
75 percent of the capital invested in the zones came from the following six countries: Poland, Germany, the USA, the Netherlands, Japan and Italy. The automotive industry invested the most – 26.8 percent of the total expenditure. In 2015, the Katowice Special Economic Zone generated the largest profit – PLN 17.2 million.
Originally, most zones were supposed to operate until 2016 or 2017, but twice in their 20-year history it was decided that their operation should be extended. In 2013, the Council of Ministers issued a regulation under which the SEZs will exist until 31 December 2026.
Special Economic Zones are one of the key solutions that increase Poland’s attractiveness for investors. There are 14 special zones in Poland and their area cannot exceed 25,000 ha. Each SEZ is an administratively separate part of the territory of Poland, intended for conducting business activity on preferential terms.
“The basic benefit of investing in a Special Economic Zone is the possibility of obtaining a tax allowance consisting in a corporate income tax exemption,” says Joanna Choromańska, an expert from JLL. The maximum income tax exemption is related to the value of state aid available to an individual investor for a particular investment project.
“This value depends on the location of the investment project, the size of the enterprise and the amount of investment expenditure,” adds Joanna Choromańska, JLL. For large enterprises, it ranges from 30% to 50% of the eligible costs, for mid-sized enterprises – from 40% to 60% of the eligible costs, and for small enterprises – from 50% to 70% of the eligible costs.
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